Status: 07/22/2022 11:24 am
More and more people from non-EU countries are coming to Germany to work. In the past ten years, the number has tripled – most come from India.
More and more foreign workers from countries outside the EU are coming to Germany: at the end of 2021 there were around 295,000 people who had a temporary residence permit for gainful employment. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), their number has more than tripled within ten years. At the end of 2011 there were just over 90,500.
Workers from India accounted for the largest share: Eleven percent of the guest workers came from there. Many people also came from the Balkans to work in Germany. Nine percent of the workers from non-EU countries came from Bosnia-Herzegovina, and another seven percent from Kosovo.
Solution for the skills shortage?
At the end of 2021, a total of 24 percent of foreign workers were academic specialists with a so-called Blue Card. This was introduced across the EU in 2012 with the aim of countering the shortage of highly qualified specialists. The prerequisite for receiving the Blue Card is a university degree and a concrete job offer with a gross annual salary of at least 56,400 euros.
In so-called shortage occupations, a lower gross salary limit of EUR 43,992 applies. At the end of 2021, almost half of the people with a Blue Card were working in a shortage profession, for example as a doctor or in IT.
In view of the acute shortage of skilled workers, the government is currently pushing ahead with plans to reform immigration law. In the future, young university graduates should no longer be expected to earn as much as experienced professionals in order to be able to enter the country with a Blue Card. “We are lowering the salary limits for them,” said Interior Minister Nancy Faeser and Labor Minister Hubertus Heil recently.
Poland is at the top
According to Statista data, labor immigration from EU countries has also increased. It is significantly larger than the number of workers from non-EU countries: last year, 1.65 million people from EU countries worked in Germany. This corresponds to an increase of 19 percent compared to 2017, when this data was first collected, reports Statista.
According to this, most of the workers who immigrated from EU countries already had a permanent job offer when they came to Germany. Almost a quarter (23 percent) of immigrant EU workers in 2021 came from Poland, the most common country of origin. This was followed by Romania with 16 percent and Italy with 13 percent, as determined by Statista.