Your Tuesday briefing – The New York Times

Images of dead Ukrainians in the Kiev suburb of Bucha, some with their hands tied and others buried haphazardly in pits, spurred Western leaders yesterday to promise even tougher sanctions against Russia, possibly including in the energy sector. The Kremlin got involved and showed signs that it was preparing a new attack. Follow the latest updates.

President Biden called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to face a “war crimes trial.” Germany and France have expelled a total of 75 Russian diplomats and Emmanuel Macron, the French president, said the EU should consider sanctions on Russian coal and oil.

A spokesman for Putin said the Kremlin had “categorically” denied “any allegation” of Russian involvement in the atrocities, which Russian state media denounced as Western fabrication. Authorities threatened to prosecute anyone who publicly blamed the Russians for the Bucha murders.

A review of satellite imagery by The Times shows many of the civilians were killed more than three weeks ago as the Russian military took control of the city. Bodies littered the streets as early as March 11, well before Russia said it had “completely” withdrawn from Bucha.

What’s next: Ukrainian and Western officials said Russia appears to be mobilizing troops for an intensified attack in the eastern Donbass region. In Kharkiv, some 30 miles from the border, a relentless bombardment has rendered parts of the city of 1.4 million unrecognizable. The systematic destruction is part of a broader strategy to conquer the east of the country.

More news from the war:

  • Europe, wary of Russian suppliers, wants an additional 50 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Increasing demand can lead to a tug of war with other countries.

  • the The Chinese Communist Party is launching an ideological campaign to build domestic sympathy for Russia.

  • Russia continued to bombard the main southern cities of Mykolaiv and Mariupol, and a much-needed Red Cross convoy again failed to reach Mariupol. The city’s mayor said at least 130,000 people were trapped there.

To successfully limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, or 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit, countries must dramatically accelerate efforts to reduce their emissions from coal, oil and natural gas, according to a key new report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Here are five takeaways from the report.

Nations would need to collectively reduce their emissions to warm the planet by about 43 percent by 2030 and stop adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by the early 2050s, the report says. Current government policies are expected to reduce global emissions by just a few percentage points this decade.

Even if the target of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees becomes unattainable, the scientists say, it will still be worthwhile for countries to cut emissions as soon as possible. Global warming will largely come to a halt once humans stop adding heat-trapping gases to the atmosphere, a concept known as “net-zero” emissions, experts say.

Details: An increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius is widely recognized as the threshold above which the dangers of global warming – including worsening floods, droughts, wildfires and ecosystem breakdown – increase significantly. Since the 19th century, humans have heated the planet by an average of 1.1 degrees Celsius.

glimmer of hope: In the last decade, many nations have adopted ambitious climate policies. Although global emissions are still rising, the growth rate slowed in the 2010s compared to the 2000s, the report said. Mankind now has a much better chance of avoiding some of the worst-case scenarios that scientists once feared.

Ahead of France’s presidential elections, a new poll shows that far-right candidate Marine Le Pen won 22 percent of the vote. Left-wing candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon is at 15.5 percent, followed by far-right upstart Éric Zemmour at 10 percent. Emmanuel Macron, the President, leads with 27.5 percent. The first ballot is scheduled for Sunday, with the two top candidates entering the runoff on April 24.

At a rally over the weekend, Macron warned his supporters that his electoral success was far from assured. The President focused on the diplomatic attempt to end the war in Ukraine, giving him little time for the election. Now he’s waking up to the growing danger that France could stagger to the anti-immigrant right.

Le Pen’s popularity has surged in recent weeks as her patient focus on cost-of-living issues resonated with millions of French struggling to make ends meet after a more than 35 percent rise in gas prices last year. According to polls, Macron would beat Le Pen by 53 to 47 percent in the second round.

Quotable: “It is an illusion that this election was won for Mr. Macron,” said Nicolas Tenzer, who teaches political science at Sciences Po University. “With a high abstention rate that’s possible and some people’s hatred of the President, there could be a real surprise. Imagining Le Pen winning is not impossible.”

In a Cape Cod lab, scientists are trying to turn cephalopods like squid into model organisms: animals that can live in research facilities and reproduce like mice or fruit flies do.

But keeping these clever and often bizarre animals in captivity presents both ethical and logistical challenges, making the model octopus a species of beluga — until last year. Meet Octopus chierchiae, a miniature octopus with a trick on its zebra-striped sleeves.

The 64th Annual Grammy Awards promised a return to (relative) normality after a scaled-down 2021 ceremony that was mostly outdoors and shone with glitz and youthful glamour.

For the first time in Las Vegas, and with the pop spectacle ramped up again, the show’s most impactful moments were often the least noticeable: a sober cry for help from Volodymyr Zelensky, the President of Ukraine; Doja Cat’s teary moment at the mic; and rooftop performances that spotlight a different generation of artists.

Jon Batiste, the New Orleans jazz scion and late night bandleader, won Album of the Year. Silk Sonic – the retro soul funk project by Bruno Mars and Anderson .Paak – won both Best Record and Best Song. And Olivia Rodrigo won Best Pop Vocal Album and Best New Artist. Check out the full list of winners.

Fashion also flourished: “If the evening had one theme, it was an exuberant do-it-yourself attitude that was a good reminder of why red carpets are fun,” writes Vanessa Friedman, our chief fashion critic.

For more: Here’s a slideshow of the red carpet and the best and worst moments.

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